We’ve seen life science researchers master the production of biofuel from biomass, like Professor Wyman of UC Riverside or Professor Reguera of Michigan State University. A controversy is brewing around such methods, however. Critics worry that utilizing corn and sugarcane, as these studies do, will substantially detract from the global food supply. Here to answer those concerns is a new study from the University of Minnesota that instead uses agricultural waste as its biomass.Read More
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One in eight couples in the United States have fertility problems. In the majority of infertility cases, the cause can be pinpointed to either the man or the woman, but sometimes there is no explanation for the cause of infertility. Researchers at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ have been studying infertility, and through research of roundworms, these scientists recently found a link between humans and roundworms that provides insight into human infertility.
The team of New Jersey scientists found that the protein SPE-45 that is found in sperm is linked to a molecule that roundworms need for reproduction, providing new clues to human infertility.Read More
Over 36 million Americans suffer from migraines. According to the Migraine Research Foundation more people in the U.S. suffer from migraines than diabetes and asthma combined. The disorder ranks in the top 20 of the world’s most disabling medical conditions. And yet migraine research has traditionally ranked as one of the most underfunded fields of study in medicine… Until now.Read More
Bioscientists are getting better and better at healing bones: first, we saw them use stem cells to regenerate ribs, then we saw them add a protein that boosts bone regeneration. Both of these techniques involve introducing new and foreign substances into the body, which runs the risk of rejection by the body. A new study from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor shows that in fact cells already at the injury site know how to repair bone if you know how to remind them.Read More
Understanding what stem cells do and why they are important has been a popular research topic for many years. Scientists have learned quite a bit about how they function, like to repair damaged tissues and renew some normal ones. However, there is no knowledge of where these stem cells come from and how they develop in the embryo.Read More
Tuberculosis is the number one cause of death by infectious disease around the world. In 2014, this contagious bacterial infection was responsible for 1.5 million deaths worldwide. Although the disease is treatable and curable, it still persists as a global health problem that scientists continue to study, to develop new and improved treatments.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation recently granted scientists from the Oregon Health and Science University $3 million to research potential vaccines for tuberculosis.Read More
For years, we’ve been discussing reasons not to use antibiotics and have seen several creative approaches to avoid using them, such as spray-on antibodies and internal bacterial combustion. However, antibiotics continue to be widely used today. A theory developing at the Washington University in St. Louis is that antibiotics are here to stay, but perhaps we need to change our definition of antibiotics.Read More
As people get older, the body becomes more susceptible to certain diseases. Cancer is one of those diseases that becomes more common as people age. David S. Yu, M.D., Ph.D from the Emory University was recently awarded $1.6 million from the NIH to study the possibility of controlling the effects of aging as a way to prevent and treat cancer.Read More
When vital organs in the body, such as the lungs, begin to fail, an organ transplant can be a solution to the problem. However, receiving a transplant may have its own complications, such as the body rejecting its new organ.
Now, thanks to a generous donation of $1 million dollars from Michael and Linda Keston, researchers from the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine will be able to continue studying lung disease and the organ rejection commonly following a transplant.Read More
A few years ago, we witnessed the biotechnology industry’s first steps into bone regeneration; for instance, the University of Southern California was experimenting with stem cells to rebuild broken ribs. Now Michigan State University is learning the nuances of repairing more general bone fractures.Read More