The human mouth is filled with all sorts of bacteria, some of which are essential to our survival and some of which can cause some rather nasty diseases. Unfortunately, telling the difference has been a massive challenge for oral biology, since the majority of the bacteria found in the mouth do not grow in laboratory dishes. Now, though, bioresearchers at Ohio State University have sequenced the genome of one such bacterium linked to the gum disease periodontitis.
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Though the rate of depression is increasing in this country, the exact causes of the disorder are still unknown. That’s why life science researchers at Ohio State University are investigating the causes of depression from the biological perspective. Most recently, they’ve discovered unexpected perpetrators in the form of concussions and similar types of head trauma.
With the quality of imaging for microscopes, cameras, and even smartphones increasing at a drastic rate, it takes some pretty impressive technology to make a buzz in the imaging world. This is where biotechnology steps in, fusing the creations of nature with cutting-edge technology to produce something brilliant. In this case, bioscientists at Ohio State University have created a new lens that combine the focusing ability of human eyes with the panoramic view of insect eyes.
As life science researchers find more and more applications for laboratory-grown cells, methods for cultivating a large amount of cells quickly are becoming more and more valuable. Looking beyond the basic criteria like temperature and sustenance, bioengineers at Ohio State University are finding that the surface cells are grown on makes a dramatic difference in their rate of growth.
Researchers at Ohio State University have come up with a dependable way to use a finger-stick blood sample to detect fibromyalgia syndrome, a complex pain disorder that often is complicated to diagnose. The test could potentially reduce the wait for diagnosis by five years if it’s someday made available to primary care physicians.
Though researchers have known for some time that eating a Mediterranean diet is good for the heart and can even help fight cancer, nobody has known exactly how it affects our bodies so positively. Now at Ohio State University, a new study shows how one compound in particular assists in the natural death of cancer cells.
Researchers from Ohio State University have pinpointed a tiny piece of RNA that plays a large role in embryonic tissue formation. Understanding such small, often overlooked pieces can help illuminate the biological processes of the earliest stages of life.
Algae research is a well-funded subject for science researchers, especially at Ohio State University. According to The Columbus Dispatch, Ohio State University has received $8.7 million in federal funding for algae-related projects. The U.S. Department of Energy gave $7 million to researchers interested in using waste water to grow algae biofuels, while the National Science Foundation gave $1.5 million for a project concerned with discovering the environmental impact of hazardous algae on Lake Erie. The project researchers are specifically interested in algae’s effects on climate change. Ohio State University researchers also received $150,000 from the Ohio Sea Grant Program to study the liver toxin concentrations on Lake Erie due to blue-green algae.
If you were a bacterium attempting an invasion on a hostile immune system, would you be so bold as to consume the very cells that are trying to destroy you? At Ohio State University, researchers have just uncovered the methods of a strain of bacteria that does just that. This master spy, known as Anaplasma phagocytophilum, is only recently being understood and combatted against due to its insidious techniques.
It’s no secret that eating fruits and vegetables is vital to a healthy diet. After all, everyone knows an apple a day keeps the doctor away. A new study on apples from Ohio State University takes that paradigm even father. Besides serving as a delicious snack, juice, and pie ingredient, apples appear to have cholesterol-reducing effects as well.