With the rise of infectious diseases, like the Zika virus and Ebola virus, research centered on these diseases has risen in importance over the last few years. The University of California, Irvine has become a leader in infectious disease research thanks to a prestigious designation by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The high-containment biosafety level 3 training laboratory (BSL-3) at UC Irvine was recently designated as a National Biosafety & Biocontainment Training Center, making it the third such center in the United States.Read More
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A team of biochemists at UCLA have created a novel system of converting glucose into highly useful chemical compounds, such as those needed to create biofuels and pharmaceuticals. Previous research endeavors relied on using cells to convert sugar into desired compounds. This has been difficult to achieve because cells would rather use sugar for their own natural uses, such as building proteins and cell walls. The UCLA biochemists have recently developed a way to achieve the conversion of glucose into desired compounds- without using cells.Read More
(Image courtesy of Cacophony via Wikimedia Commons)
The Knight Cancer Institute at Oregon Health and Science University, a world-leader in cancer research, recently accomplished raising $1 billion in funding to help support the groundbreaking life science research being conducted at the center.Read More
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) makes up about 10 - 15% of all lung cancer diagnoses, and is caused by smoking and inhaling second-hand smoke. This is an aggressive type of cancer that spreads quickly, and recurs extremely frequently after patients undergo chemotherapy treatments. Treatments for SCLC have not changed much in the past 30 years, but a team of researchers led by the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle has been investigating potential new therapy methods for the cancer and recently uncovered a gene that has the potential to be used in biology-based treatments for SCLC. (Image courtesy of Lindsay Fox via Wikimedia Commons and EcigaretteReviewed)Read More
Q fever, an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii, is common among livestock such as cattle, sheep and goats. The bacteria can be transmitted to humans through the inhalation of barnyard dust that is contaminated with animal excretion containing the bacteria. Along with passing from livestock to humans, Q fever has been aerosolized in the past and used for biological warfare.
It is well known that infants rely on their mothers for food and nutrients in their early years. However, the effect that the hormones in this food have on an infant's development has not previously been known. Recent research conducted at the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Center has shown that hormones in human breast milk contribute to the health of the feeding infant. (Image by Voiceboks via Wikimedia Commons)Read More