Diabetes encompasses a group of metabolic disorders that result in chronically elevated blood sugar levels. If untreated, these diseases can result in serious complications such as ketoacidosis, heart disease, kidney failure, and stroke. The most common type of diabetes is type II diabetes, which accounts for 90-95% of cases (a recent Philadelphia study helped us gain further insight into why type II diabetes occurs). The incidence of type I diabetes is much lower, accounting for just 5-10% of cases. However, while type II diabetes can resolve on its own with changes in diet and exercise habits, type I is considered incurable. Now, a new study from the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus has identified a new class of antigens that may be a factor in the development of the disease.Read More
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The human microbiome is a complex system of bacteria that live and interact in different tissues and organs throughout the body. This complex system is a growing area of focus for life science researchers looking to learn more about these interactions and functions. In order to help its researchers in this rapidly expanding field, Columbia University in New York has established both a working group and a new core facility to help increase research potential of the microbiome.Read More
When it comes to the brain, there is still so much that scientists don't know, like what causes certain diseases and how traits like memory and intelligence differ from brain to brain. Scientists in Illinois are currently making strides to understand the latter. A team of researchers from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, recently conducted a study that revealed that anatomical and cognitive factors in different brains are affected by different traits.Read More
By combining time-lapse luminescence microscopy with a microfluidic device, researchers at Duke University were able to track the dynamics of cell cycle genes in single yeast with subminute exposure times over many generations. Typically time-lapse fluorescence microscopy of genetically encoded fluorescent proteins is the gold standard for measuring in vivo dynamics of gene expression in single cells.Read More
Could algae hold the energy answers to our fuel depleted world?
In today's world, energy reserves are being depleted gallon by gallon at an astounding rate. Thanks to the advances of technology and highly funded research we might be able to harness the underutilized power of algae.
- Half of algae's composition, by weight, is lipid oil
- Algae yields around 8,000 gallons of biofuel per acre per year as opposed to corn biofuel at 420 gallons
- Depending on the species, algae can grow in freshwater and saltwater, and in the future could be used to treat wastewater.
This prestigious designation makes the MIND Institute one of only fifteen Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Centers in the country. Transition into this program is made possible by a five-year $6.5 million NIH grant and gives the institute critical new resources that will accelerate its progress in neurodevelopment research.
Tags: University of California Davis Medical Center, Bioinformatics, neurodevelopmental disorders, assays, molecular biology imaging, biological analysis, immunoassays, environmental contaminants, Autism, UCDMC, Funding, Research, NIH, UC Davis, UCD, grant, drug evaluation, developmental disabilities
The three-year grant will enable a group of UCSF researchers to continue their development of the SMART diaphragm, a wireless device that can detect preterm labor onset sooner and more easily than current methods.
The arena of renewable energy has expanded to include a number of different methods and natural resources. At Michigan State University, a new and unlikely contender has entered the scene. Decomposing microorganisms are the key behind the university’s incredibly efficient anaerobic digester, which they put into operation this Tuesday.
The summer is finally approaching, which means biotechnology news related to mosquito outbreaks is especially hot. (We had the same thought last summer; see Irvine Research Lab Produces Transgenic Mosquitoes to Combat Malaria and Rock Neurogenetics Lab in the Press for Mosquito Research, Fashion Scents.) As was the case last summer, researchers are working hard to reduce the impact of malaria, which is largely transmitted by mosquitoes. At Michigan State University, they are taking a unique approach to this old problem: instead of protecting humans from mosquitoes, just protect mosquitoes from malaria in the first place.
Though researchers have known for some time that eating a Mediterranean diet is good for the heart and can even help fight cancer, nobody has known exactly how it affects our bodies so positively. Now at Ohio State University, a new study shows how one compound in particular assists in the natural death of cancer cells.